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Old Dutch Measures

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Extensive list with short descriptions of old Dutch/ Belgian cubic-, linear-, square measures, weights and masses and other units
Old Dutch Coins, Prices and Wages: links

 

VolumeAreaDistanceMass
Okshoofd
Anker
Aam
Stoop
Mingel (Mengel)
Pint
Schepel
Last

Schepel
Morgen
Roede

 

 

Roede
El
Duim
Voet
Vadem
Kabellengte

 

Scheepslast
Last

 

 


Old Dutch measures

We will start with the measures of volume.
The largest for liquid, like wine, was the OKSHOOFD, it was the name of a barrel of 232 liters (61,3 gallons).
The okshoofd was equal to 6 ANKERS (anchors), so an ANKER was 10,2 gallons.
The diminutive “ankertje” was the pet name for a very nice wine

Another barrel, called the AAM could contain 4 ankers or 41 gallons (155 liters).
An anker however could be split up in 16 parts, called a STOOP and a stoop was equal to two MINGEL or MENGEL, which was the name of a can, containing 1,2 liters (about 0.32 gallon).
Are you still with me?

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The smallest amount was the PINT, to be exact 0.568 liter, not the American pint, which is 0,473 liter, but equal to the English pint. The words: “een pintje bier” hardly needs any translation and even today it is heard in some Dutch pubs, but more often in Belgian bars.
A measure of volume for more solid substances was a SCHEPEL. A schepel was a large wooden spoon with a long handle and was used to shovel grain, potatoes, peas, beans and even ovoids. One schepel was 0.88 cub.ft (25 liter)

The schepel brings us to the area measures, because a SCHEPEL is the area, which can be sewed with one schepel of rye. Unfortunately the schepels, which were used, could differ a lot; the Geldrian schepel for instance, was 1,450 m_ (0.36 acres) and the schepel in Drente was only 833 m_ (0.21 acres).
Maybe the fertility of the soil had something to do with it.

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Another area measure was the MORGEN. The Rijnlandse morgen was most common and was 8,516 m_ or 2.1 acres wide. The Waterlandse morgen was the largest; 10,770 m_ (2.66 acres). The Geldrian morgen was somewhat thin, only 3,180 m_ or 0.8 acres. Property tax was called morgengeld (morgenmoney).
A much smaller area measure was the ROEDE, about 15 m_ (18 sq.yards).The roede was also used as a measure of volume for peat. One roede was about 450 peaces of peat.
The roede is a nice bridge to the linear measures, for a ROEDE is also known for length. We knew the Rijnlandse roede, Amsterdam roede, Stichtse, Geldrian or Groninger roede and they were all between 3.5 and 4 meter (11.8 and 15.7 feet).

The EL was 68,8 cm (2.7 feet) and the DUIM (thumb) was 2.574 cm, almost equal to one inch.

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The VOET (foot) was the most common linear measure in the 17th century, but it was somewhat different from the foot you know. And you had to know where this voet came from; the Blooise voet came close: 30.14 cm (0.99 ft), the Geldrian voet was only 27,19 cm (0.89 ft) and the Amsterdam voet 28.31 cm (0.93 ft).
Six Amsterdam voet were equal to one VADEM (5.6 ft), as six English feet were equal to a FATHOM, the words had the same origin, only the results were different.
The vadem was normally used as a nautical measure. Another one was KABELLENGTE (cable length), which was equal to 125 vadem or 212,4 meters (232.3 yards).

A nautical term for weight was SCHEEPSLAST (ships cargo). A scheepslast was 4,000 Amsterdam pond or 1976.4 kilo (2.18 US ton or 4,357 lbs).
The Amsterdam POND (pound) was equal to 0.494 kg and as the linear and area measures it had its different brothers and sisters in other regions. The pond in The Hague was only 0.47 kg and in Nijmegen 0.477 kg.
It must have been very difficult to do business with all those different amounts

A measure of volume, which was often used in the grain business, was the LAST. Depending on the region it varied between 2,800 liter and 3,000 liter. It was also used as an old measure of weight; one last of wheat was 2,400 kg, one last of rye was 2,100 kg and one last of linseed was 2,040 kg.
I don’t know the specific gravity of these corns, but I suppose it will all end up at about 3,000 liter. Will someone out there check this for me ;-)

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Cor Snabel
The Netherlands, May 5, 2002

Cubic measures (liquids)
Linear measures
Units of weight
Cubic measures (dry goods)
Square meaures
Other units
   
Measures used in specific regions
Small timeline: The change to the metric system
 

 

Links

The NMI. Established as a private company from the privatization of the former Dutch Legal metrology Service. The company is past of the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO. Here you can find some background information on the metric- and the old system German genealogy: old units

NB! All these words below are mainly based on words found in an extensive list of genealogical words, compiled by Andre Dumont. These words were found in old documents by him and other amateur genealogists and thus can be regarded as rather trustful, but, do keep in mind that:

1. Names of units, measures can differ regionally rather frequently. Most of the time just a little but sometimes a lot;

2. There are and were many dialects in the Netherlands, from the French border up till the Groningen/East Frisia border. There also has been no talk of any standarization of the spelling, orthography used up till the 19th century. A word, term could have completely different meanings, depending of the region;

3. The Dutch language is rather homonymous (one word having a broad variation of different meanings). So, if you find a word like 'anker', 'fles' or 'kwart' it CAN denote a measure, unit of weight and masses, but it is not unlikely that those words refer to something completely different! Context has to be the key to the meaning of used word. Many -if not the majority- of the words/terms to follow do have at least 1 or 2 alternative meanings. Bear this in mind when you find one of the words in your old document(s)

4. The list you'll find below is extensive but yet not complete. There still are many local, regional terms which are not listed (yet).

townhall of leiden

morgenWords marked bold/red are measures and weights also found in New Netherlands
Cubic measures (liquids)
Name
Liquid
Description
Aam, aem, ama, hama Wine, beer- and oil1 aam = 1/6 vat = 4 anker = 1.552 hl
Anker, ancre, ancheria Wine, beer, gin 1 anker = 1/4 aam, abt 37,5 ltr
1 anker = 16 stoop
1 anker = 45-46 fles
Also unit of weight (fish)
Baduit, beduit 1 baduit = 1/4 kan en abt 0,4 ltr.
Predominantly in prov.of Noord-Brabant
Biertje Beer 1 biertje = 1 ltr.
FlesWine 1 fles = abt.0,8 ltr.
Amsterdamse fles = abt.. 0,88 ltr. or 44 fles in an anker
Fuite 1 fuite = 5 kan = 7 - 10 ltr.
Gelte, ghelte 1 gelte = 1/48 aam
KanFor dry goods as well1 kan = 80 -112 kan per aam = 1,4 -2 ltr
Kinnetje, kimmetje, kinFor (semi) liquid goods like butter
For dry goods as well
1 kinnetjer = 1/4 ton
Kroes  1 kroes = 1/120 ton = 1,4 ltr.
Also known as 'pullemaat'
Kwart Also for cereals1 kwart = 3/4 kroes = 1,05 ltr
Melkmengel Milk?1 melkmengel = 2 mengel abt. 1.8 ltr
Mengel(e), mingel(e)  1 mengel = 2 pint, =0,5 stoop
1 mengel = 1 1/8 ltr
Mutsje 1 mutsje =1/8 mengel, = abt. 0,15 ltr
OkshoofdWine1 okshoofd =1/2 vat or voeder =abt 230-240 ltr
1 okshoofd = 6 ankers = 220 ltr.
Oord 1 oord = 2 kan, = 2 mengel = 0,6 ltr
Paartje Wine, beer1 paartje = 2 pint = abt. 1,2 ltr
PintAlso for cereals and other dry goods

1 pint = 2 stoop= 4 mutsjes = abt. 0,6 ltr.
1/4 stoop is seen also.

1 pint (wine) = 1.145 ltr/ 1pint (beer) = 1.085 ltr (found in French Flanders only)
Many local, regional variations

Potje  1 potje = abt. 1/16 kan
Pullemaat 1 pullemaat = 1/120 ton = 1,4 ltr.
Also known as 'kroes'
PijpWine, oil and other liq.1 pijp has many varying, regional determined volumes
SesterOil1 sester = 40 mengel
Steekan  1 steekan = 1/8 aam =16 mengel = abt. 18,75 ltr
Stoop  1 stoop = 2 mengel = abt. 2,4 ltr
1 stoop = 2 potten = 4 pinten
1 Amsterdamse stoop = 2.425 ltr
Many local, regional variations
Travelton Beer1 travelton = abt. 120 ltr
VatBeer, wine 1 vat = abt. 900 ltr
Local and regional variations:
1 amsterdams vat = 4 okshoofd = 6 aam =24 anker = 9 31 ltr
From 1820 :1 hectoliter
Vingerhoed Abt. 1 centiliter
  
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Cubic measures (dry goods)
Name
Dry goods
Description
achel, acheel, achtendeel cereals1 achel =1/8 zal en 1/8 hl.
aertmatecereals 1 aertmate = 3,677 decaliter
amsterdamse graanlast 1 amsterdamse graanlast = 27 mud = 36 zak = 108 schepel = 30.04 hectoliter
bakcereals 1 bak = 1/4 mud, = 4 spint, also found1/4 hl.
berrieleggers-matecereals 1 berrieleggers-mate for cereal = 2,572 ltr.
botjesmaat cereals1 botjesmaat = 0,32 ltr.
eltken(found in Bruges, Belgium only)corn128 eltken = 1 hoet = 172 ltr
emmer  1 emmer = 1/4 vat, = 1/5 aam = abt 30 ltr.
Found also Amsterdamse emmer = 2 gang = abt 14,7 ltr.
In Groningen and Drente also square measure
franckaertcereals 1 franckaert = 15 2 ltr.
halfkopmaat cereals 1 halfkopmaat = 1/256 lopen
halfmaatcereals 1 halfmaat = halfscheidhelft, half 1/64 lopen (Leeuwarder stedemaat)
halfstedemaatcereals

1 halfstedemaat = 1/128 lopen (Leeuwarder stedemaat)

halfvandel, halfvierendeelcereals 1 halfvandel = 1/8 lopen
halstercereals

Many local and regional variations
1 halster = 2 semester, 2 viertel
Brabant and East Flanders, Belgium:
1 halster (corn) = 2 veertel = 48 meukens = 96 achtelingen = 384 pinten = 9.3 ltr

hoed, hoetcereals, coal Many local and regional variations:
Zuid Holland/Zeeland 1 hoed = 100 3 ltr. Zeeuws Vlaanderen 1 hoed = 200 ltr.
1 Amsterdamse hoed = 38 maat =11.72 hectoliter
honderdcereals, salt salt: abt. 18500-20000 ltr
graan, abt 13000-17000 ltr.
Also square measure
hoppevat  drafkuip, 1 hoppevat = 232 gelten grain
kancereals 1 kan =1/64 zak
kinnetje, kimmetje, kinpotatoes, fruits abt 1/8 ton
kop, kopmaat peas, potatoes, butter etc 1 kop = 1/4 vat = 4,7 ltr
korffruits 1 korf = .... ltr.
Also linear measure
kruisdry chalk abt 1733 ltr, later also 10 hl. (Flanders)
kruisschepelcereals 1 kruisschepel = 2 mud = abt 29-34 ltr.
kwart, quartcereals 1 kwart = 1meuken = 4 kwartieren
kwartier, quartier   inhoudsmaat speciaal voor koren en zout
graanmaat, 1 kwartier = 1/4 meuken, 1/4 lopen, 1/4 achel, 1/4 maat
kwartier, quartier  1 kwartier = 1/4 honderd.
groot kwartier
klein kwartier
 24 vat of 96 maat
6 vat of 24 maat
lastcereals
herring
1 last = abt. 3010 ltr.
After1820 : 3000 ltr.

1 (zee)last = abt. 1694 ltr.
1 (gepakte)last = abt 1452 ltr.
loopcereals, salt

1 loop = (kleine)graanmaat = 1/4 zak/viertel also 1/16 mud, 1 loop = (grootte)graanmaat =1/36 last
In Southern Netherland also square measure

maatjemostlycereals 1 maatje = 2 spint. Also 1/8 spint found
Zutphen 1 maatje = 1/2 spint
Deventer 1 maatje = 1/8 spint
malder, molder, moltcereals 1 malder = 1/22 last. Also found: 1/18 last and 2 mud and 1/4 mud.
Also found: kleine(= small) Gelderse malder = abt 125 ltr.and a grote (=large)Gelderse malder of abt 137 ltr.
meukecereals

1 meuke = 1/4 zak
Found in Brabant and East Flanders, Belgium:
48 meukens = 24 viertel = 12 halsters = 6 zakken = 1 mud = 111.76 ltr
Many local, regional variations
Also square measure (found in Oudenaarde, Belgium only)

molenvat (found in Belgium only)cereals 1 molenvat = 1/10 halster = 1/120 mud = 2.43 ltr
Leuven: 1 molenvat = 1/2 halster = 2 kwarten = 1/16 mud = 3.65 ltr
mouwercorn korenmaat, 1 mouwer = 2 mud = 8 lopen
mud, mudde, mut cerealsMany local, regional variations
1 mud = 4 schepel, abt 430 tot 630 ltr
After 1820 1 hectoliter
paplepel 1 paplepel = 8 cm3
pintcereals and other dry goods 1pint =1/35 schepel Also found: 1/2 kan and 1/128 zak.
Also liquid cubic measure
razier (found in Belgium only)

corn
oats

1 razier (corn)= 4 spinten = 8 achtendelen = 146.8 ltr
1 razier (oats)= 4 spinten = 8 achtendelen = 158.7 ltr

razier often synonym to razier
Many local, regional variations

schepelcereals

1 schepel = 2 mud = abt 29-34 ltr.
Also found:1/4 mud and 1/8 mud.
Many local, regional variations:
Groninger schepel = ...
Amsterdamse schepel = ...
Steenwijker schepel = ...
Zwolse schepel = ...
After 1820, 1 schepel = 10 ltr.

sister (found in Belgium only) corn
oats

1 sister (corn) = 1/6 mud = 2 halster = 4 quarters = 20 molenvaten = 48.76 ltr

1 sister (oats) = 51.46 ltr

sister often synonym to razier
Many local, regional variations

somer, sommer, summercereals 1 somer = 1/3 malder, = 2 vat
spintcereals 1 spint =1/2 schepel = abt 2.5-8,5 ltr
Many, many local, regional variations
Also square measure
stere, sterre  1 stere = 1 m3 loosely piled fire-wood, double stere = 2 m3
taakcereals, wine (cereal)1 taak = 1/4 schepe
(wine)1 taak = 1/40 aam and 2 2 kan
vandelcereals 1 vandel = 1/4 lopen, also 16 stedemaat
viertel, veertelcorn1 viertel = 2 meukens, kwarten =1/24 mud
zeeuwse lepel  1 zeeuwse lepel = 15 cm3
  
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Linear measures
Name
 
Description
Akker  1 akker= 7m
Also square measure
Amsterdamse voet   1 Amsterdamse-voet = 0.283133 m
Duim 1 Duim = 2,54 cm. Based on the width of the human thumb
El, elle  1 el = ca 70 cm. Based originally on the length measured from top middle-finger to the elbow
Many regional variations:
1 amsterdamse el = 68.78 cm

1 Brabantse el = 69.23 cm
1 Delfse el = 68.32 cm
Kabellengte 1 kabellengte = 125-150 vadem, vaam
In the end of the 19th century: 225 m.
Korf  1 korf = 0,5-0,6 m1
Also cubic measure
Koningsroede Abt. 10 voet
Landmeeterspas, -stap, -tree  1 stap = 5 voet of 11 duim. Also 2 gemene pas
Lijn, linie, line Many regional variations.
Found in documents: 1/8, 1/10 1/12 duim

Also square measure
Palm  Kleine (=small)palm = 3 cm,
Grote (=large)palm = 9,6 cm, after 1820 1palm =10 cm
Originally the width of the 4 fingers of a hand next to eachother
Pas, gemene pas, schrede, tree 1 pas = 2,5 voet landmeterspas, -tree = 2 gemene pas = 5 voet
Roede 

1 roede = 3.5- 4 m
Many, many regional and local variations:

1 Amsterdamse roede = 13 voet = 3,68 m.
1 Gelderse roede - 3,80 m.
1 Rijnlandse roede = 3,767 m.
1 Sallandse roede = 4,53 m.

1 Drentse roede = 4,12 m, divided into 14 voeten
1 Blooise roede 3,617 m
1 Schouwse roede 3,727 m
1 Duivenlandse roede 3,667 m
1 Uitgeestse roede = 14 voet = 4,16 m.
1 Brusselse roede = 5.680 m.
1 Antwerpse roede = 20 voet = 5.74 m.

Roede in other languages.
German: Ruthe
Danish: rode
French: perche
Spanish and Italian: pertica
Portuguese: percha, pertiga
French Belgium: verge
English: perch, pole, rod, lug
Also square measure
Also unit for quantity (peat)

Schrede 1 schrede = 2,5 voet, landmeterspas,-tree = 2 gemene schrede = 5 voet
Span 1 span = 1dm
Originally the width measured between the top of the thumb and the little finger with all fingers spread
Streep 1 streep = 1 mm.
Unofficially still in use by carpenters
Taille 1 taille = 1/16 el
Timmermansvoet 1 timmermansvoet = 33 1/3 cm (West Friesland, N.H.)
Tuindersvoet 1 tuindersvoet = 28 cm (West Friesland, NH)
Vaam, vadem 1 vadem, vaam = abt. 6 amsterdamse voet (for use at land)
1 vadem, vaam = 6 (Dutch)rijnlandse voeten = 1.883679 m.(shipping)
Originally the width measured between the top of the middle-fingers, with the two arms stretched sideward.
In other languages:
Flemish: vaem
English: fathom
French: brasse marine
German: faden
Danish: favn
Swedish: famn
Spanish: braza, brazada
Italian: bracciata
Portuguese: braça
Also cubic measure for pile of wood
Voet 

1 voet = 12duim = abt. 29,45 cm
Many regional and local variations.

1 Amsterdamse-voet = 28,31 cm
1 Drechterlandse voet = 32,675 cm
1 Gelderse voet = 10 duim = 27.19 cm
1 Blooise voet = 12 duim = 30.14 cm

After 1806 the Rijnlandse voet was officially 0.3139465 m
Also square measure

Voorling Abt.55 roede
Also square measure
   
   
  
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Square measures
Name
 
Description
Akker  1 akker = 0,05 ha
Amersade, emmersade  1 amersade = 1/6 gras = 0,066 ha = 0,05 ha
Ans, einze, uncia 1 ans =1/12 pondemaat = 0.0 3 ha
Arpent Old square measure: further data unknown
Bunder 1 bunder = abt. 400-450 square roede.
Also seen: 2 bunder = 3 morgen
1 bunder = abt. 4 dagwand
Local and regional variations
Dachmael, dagwand, dagmaatOften used for hay-lands, grass-land and green-lands1 dachmael = 1/4 bunder = 110 square roede
Originally land which could be ploughed in one day
Local and regional variations
Deim(p)t, deimat  Found: square surfaces up to 400 square roede.
Also found: 0,4-0,8 ha
Originally the area which could be mowed in one day.
Local and regional variations
Emmer 1 emmer = 1/6 gras =0,066 ha (in Groningen and Drente)
Also cubic measure
Gee, giede  1 gee = 1/6 morgen
Geers Abt. 0,3017 ha
Originally the quantity of graas-land needed to feed 1 cow.
Local and regional variations
Gemet, met  1 gemet is abt. 0,4 ha = 300 square roeden or equal to 1 english acre
Local and regional variations:
1 rijnlanse gemet = 0.4258 ha
1 Blooise gemet = 0.3924 ha
1 schouwse gemet = 0.4168 ha
1 duivelandse gemet= 0.4034 ha
Gras, gres, gors, gars Abt. 0,3017 ha
Local and regional variations
Grase square measure for grass-land
Grote roede   Abt. 0,04 ha (Limburg)
Herendeimt 

Found: 0.44 ha
Area of grass-land which could be mowed in one day.
Local and regional variations

Herenmud 1 herenmud is abt. 375 square Rijnlandse roede = abt. 0,54 ha
Herenmud was the word used to return the taxable area.
Hoeve 1 hoeve = 162 morgen = abt. 14 ha.
Hond, hont  1 hond = 100 square roede. Also found: 1/6 morgen, 1/5 morgen.
Many local and regional variations

(Groot)Honderd

(Klein)Honderd

 1 (groot)honderd = 300 square roede = abt. 0,70 ha.
1 (kleine) honderd = abt. 200-240 square roede = 0,30-0,35 ha
Local and regional variations
Also cubic measure and measure of quantity
Hooimaat, hooimade  1 hooimaat = 1/ 3 gemet, ook 1/9 bunder = 0,14 ha
Koegras Abt. 2 ha. (Friesland)
Originally the area of grass-land needed for 1 cow
Kopzaad, kopse(nd) 1 kopzaat = 1/4 lopenzaat = 12 square roede
Loop, loopzaad  1 loop = 50 vierkante roede = 1/8 bunder (Southern Netherland)
Also cubic measure
(Klein) lopens(e)  1 kleine lopens = 33 1/3 square roede
Lijn, linie, line 1 lijn = 1/6 morgen of 100 square roede
Also linear measure
Mergen, morgen  

Abt. 0.8 -1 ha.
1 morgen = 6 hondt = 600 roeden (Rijnland)
Originally the quantity of land which could be ploughed before noon.

Many local and regional variations
Amsterdamse morgen = 600 square roede = 0,8129 ha
Brielse, Voornse morgen = 2 gemet = 600 square roede = 0,9183 ha
Gooise morgen = 800 square roede = 0,9358 ha
Rijnlandse morgen = 8516 m2
Pruisische morgen = 2553 m2
Waterlandse morgen = 10.770 m2.
Gelderse morgen = 3.180 m2

Meuke(n)
Found in Oudenaarde, Belgium only.
 1 meuke(n) = ca 0.00 3584 hectare
Also Cubic measure (dry goods)
Mourik 1 mourik = 25 square roede; also seen1/4 hond
Mud(de) 

1 mud = 0,43-0,8 ha.Originally the area of land which could be sowed with 40 mud of cereal (Flanders).
Many local and regional variations

Mudzaat, mutsaet 1 mudzaad = 16 vatzaad = 12 lopenzaad
Penning 1 penning = 1/240 pondemaat (Friesland);
synonym to 1 square koningsroede
Also unit of weight
Pondemaat, pond, pinsoen 1 pondemaat = = 240 square koningsroede = 0,3674 ha. (Friesland)
After 1812, 1 pondmaat = 0,3674 ha
Roede 1 roede=14-15 m2
Many local and regional variations
Also linear measure
Schaar, scheerweide  1 schaar= abt. 300-400 square roede = abt. 0,4-0,65 ha. Also found: 2 morgen
Schat 1 schat = 1 mud = 6,8 are
Schepel 1 schepel = 1 schat = 1 mud = 6,8 are.
Also found: 1 schepel = 4 spint, 1/4 mud and 1/4 morgen
Also cubic measure (dry)
Snees 1 snees = abt. 2,5138 centiare.
1 ha = 3.5 geers = 42 snees
Also unit of quantity (f.i. egg's or fish)
Spint 1 spint = 1,7 are.
Also cubic measure
Vatzaad 1 vatzaad = 1/16 mudzaat
1 vatzaad = 50 roeden = 0.1679 hectare (found in Dendermonde, Belgium)
Vierkante roede
(vierkant = square)
 1 vierkante roede = 1/10 spint = 17 m2
Voet 1 voet = abt. 0,09 centiare
Also linear measure
   
  
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Units of weight
Name
 
Description
Aas, aes   1 aas =1/10240 pond = abt.0,047 gram
Also found: 1 aes = 1/ 32 engels = abt.0,05 gram
Smallest unit of weight in the old system
Amsterdamse mark  1 amsterdamse mark = 247,045 gram
Anker, ancre, ancheria
fish
1 anker = abt. 30 -50 kg.
Also cubic measure
Centenaar 1 centenaar = 100 (old) pond, abt. 49,5 kg.
After 1820 the not official name for 100 kg
Deuske 
1deuske = 2aas = 0,096 gram
Engels 1 engels = 1/20 once =1,538 gram
Koehooi 1 koehooi = 14x7x7 voet = abt. 2500 kg fresh or 2000 kg dry hay
Many local and regional variations
Korrel Abt. 1decigram
Lood 1 lood =1/32 pond = abt.14 gram.
In the metric system 10 gram
Once, onche, unche, ons 

1 once = 1/16 pond = abt. 31 gram
Also found:
1 once = 1/10 pond
1 once = 1/12 (medical) pond
From 1820: 1 ons = 100 gram
Now officially: 1 hectogram

Penning 1 penning = 1/240 or 1/270 pond
Also known as square measure
Pond 

1 pond = 4 vierendeel = 16 ons, = 404-494 gram
Many local and regional variations:

1 amsterdamse pond = 404.09 gram
1 haagse pond = 469.73 gram
1 nijmeegs pond = 476.56 gram

Quintaal 1 quintaal = abt. 1/22 last
Scheepslast 1 scheepslast = 4000 amsterdamse pond = 1976.4 kg.
Schippond 1 schippond = 300 pond
Schoot 1 schoot = 2 pond
Steen 1steen = 8 pond. Also found 6 pond
Troois, Trooise mark 1 troois(e)(mark) = 246,084 gram.
1 trooise mark can be subdivided in:
1 mark Troois = 8 onzen = 246,084 gram.
1 ons = 20 engels = 30,76 gram.
1 engels = 32 azen = 1,538 gram.
1 aas = 0,0481 gram.
Wichtje 1 wichtje = abt. 1gram
Gold & silver weights 1pondt = 2 mark Troys = 16 once (Brussels weight)
1 once Troys = 20 Engelschen troys
1 Engelschen Troys = 32 aeskens
1 fierlick = 8 aeskens
1 troyken = 4 aeskens
1 deusken = 2 aeskens
Pharmaceutical weights  1 pondt = 12 oncen
1 once = 8 drachmen = 2 lood
1 drachme = 2 siseyn = 3 scrupelen = abt.3.9 gram
1 scrupel = 1/528 pond = 20 granen (grein) = 2 obolen
1 obole = 3 siliquen
1 silique = 4 greinen
1 grein of aesken =1 terwegraen
1 terwegraen = 1/20 scrupel
1 scrupel =1/3 drachme
Town weighhouse weights 1 wage of poose =144 pondt
1 steen = 8 1/4 pondt,
3 steen = 25 pondt
1 centeneer = 100 pondt
Local and regional variations
  
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Other units
Name
 
Description
(Groot)honderd
quantity
1 (groot)honderd = 120-144 pieces
(Klein) honderd
quantity
1 (kleine) honderd = c 96-101 stuks
Hoop
quantity(straw)
1 hoop = 10 geluykens = 1 tierling = 10 bundels
Band
circumference
1 band (of reed) = 33 cm (thick,large) or 24 cm (thin, small)
Pook, poke  1 pook, poke = 1/3 scarpelier
Roede
quantity (peat)
1 roede peat = abt. 450 pieces of peat
Also linear and square measure
Stieg, stijg
quantity (a.o. eggs)
1 stieg (eggs) = 20 eggs
Stro
quantity(fish)
1 stro herring = 500 herrings.
20 stro = 1 last
Uur gaans
distance

1 uur gaans = abt. 5 km. Equal to 1500 rijnlandse roeden = 5621m.
According to code Napoleon: 5000m.
After 1863 officially 5555,5 m.

Balie balie
  
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Measures used in specific regions

West Friesland (northern part of the province of Noord-Holland)

Square measures
1 ha = 100 are or 1 1/6 morgen or 3 1/2 gars or 42 snees or 625 kogge-roeden or 700 rijnlandse roeden.
1 Morgen = 85 5/7 are or 3 gars of 36 snees or 535,7 kogge-roeden or 600 rijnlandse roeden.
1 Gars = 28,56 are or 12 snees of 178,56 kogge-roeden or 200 rijnlandse-roeden.
1 Snees = 238 vierkante meter or 14,88 kogge-roeden or 16,66 rijnlandse roeden.
1 Kogge-roed = 16 m2
1 Rijnlandse roed = 14 2/7 m2
In West Friesland square measures are generally expressed using Rijnlandse roeden

Linear measures:
1 Tuindersvoet = 28 cm.
1 Timmermansvoet = 33 1/3 cm.

Province of DrentheDrentse roede = 4,12 meter and divided into 14 voeten
1 voet = 29,45 cm (= 12 duim)
1 duim = 2,45 cm
1 mudde = 27,2 are
1 morgen = 3,5 mud = 95,2 are
1 dagmaat = 66 are
1 dagmaat = 400 square roeden.
1 schat = 6,8 are
1 spint = 1,7 are
 
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Small timeline: The change to the metric system
Pre 1806 periodThe old not standarized system of -local- measures and weights as described above
1806
(Louis Napoleons arrival in the Kingdom of Holland)

Hesitating, half and half introduction of the French metric system:
Rijnlandse measure declared standard for the kingdom

1.Rijnlandse roede divided into 10 parts, not 12, but still representing the old value of 3,767 m.
2. Rijnlandse morgen standarized on 0.87 ha.

1810
(The Kingdom of Holland part of France)
Metric system officially introduced in the Netherlands and Belgium but in popular speech the use of the old words remained
1813
(Withdrawal of the French. The arrival of Willem I on Dutch territory. The Netherlands a Kingdom again -together with Belgium)
Goodbye to the metric system. The old system in use again.

1820 -1873
The Kingdom of the Netherlands, being the first country to adopt the -values of the- metric system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Compromise:
the old words remained but the values became metric, and, the system was the standard for the Kingdom of the Netherlands:

pond1 kilogram
ons100 gram
lood10 gram
wichtje1 gram
korrel0.1 gram
mijl1 kilometer
roede10 meter
el1 meter
palm1 decimeter
duim1 centimeter
streep1 milimeter
bunder1 hectare
roede21 are
el21 centiare
mud100 liter (dry)
vat100 liter (liquid)
schepel10 liter (dry)
kop1 liter (dry)
kan1 liter (liquid)

maatje

1 deciliter
vingerhoud1 centiliter
wisse1 m3

1873

 

 

Adoption of the Napoleontic names -not only the values- of the Metric System:
kilometer, hectometer, meter, kilogram, miligram etc.
Unofficially, in populare speech, names like 'pond', 'ons', 'duim', 'el' and 'bunder' remained vivid.

1937Officially prohibited by law to use the names of the Old System.
 
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Old Dutch Coins, Weights, and Measurements

pre euro 100 guilders banknote
Coins
Weights and masses
Coins, Weights and measurements, mentioned in old Dutch Records
Convert 'roede', 'palm' and 'span' into meters and centimeters (Dutch but easy)

The Online Catalogue of Dutch copper coins (Dutch)

Measures and currencies in the Netherlands
The Rix Dollar and Silver Rider
Almanac 1918: Dutch measures and weights
Old Dutch coins (Dutch)
 
Dutch obsidional coins in Recife, 1645-1654
 
Dutch Obsidional Coins in Recife, 1645-1654
 
The history of the coins strucked under the reign of Albrecht and Isabella(1598 - 1621)
Old coins, weights and masses,
in other European countries
Dutch coinage circulating in the Colonies
Old coins and units of measurement in Germany
Coin Gallery Online
158 Old Swedish Units
CoinArchives.com. [The CoinArchives.com World Coins database contains coins produced from medieval to modern times. This database includes, but is not limited to, coins from Austria, Britain, France, Germany, the Holy Roman Empire, Italy, and the United States]
Anglo-Saxon Weights and Measures (incl.history)
Measures and currencies in use in the
17th- and 18th century in Andel

(province of Noord-Brabant)
Old Units of Length
A Genealogical Perspective of Dutch Coinage (c1568-1795)
(Article by by JW. Koten.Originally published in Ons Erfgoed, year 11, issue 6, November-December 2003 Delft, Uitgeverij Alvo, 2003)
Surveying Units and Terms
VOC Doits and Half Doits
 
Belgian Money
 
Coins and jetons of the Spanish Netherlands
 
 
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Prices & Wages
Value of the Guilder
Comparing the purchasing power of the guilder from 1450 to any other year.
Money Substitutes in New Netherland and Early New York: Commodity Monies

Herengracht Amsterdam. Real estate values from 1628-1973. Abstract can also be downloaded as a PDF file
It's a PDF file: some browser simply download this file, some don't. You should have a pdf-plugin installed or simply click the Vault
the vault

Economic History Services:
How much is that worth?

Comparing the purchasing power of money in the United States (or colonies) from 1665 to any other year including the present.

How Much is that?
Like above but with some more goodies

Wampum in New Netherland
The significance of wampum to seventeenth century Indians in New England
 
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